Replacing the roof on your home can be a daunting task. The style of your home and your personal tastes will help determine color and type, but you will also want to take into account energy efficiency and added value. Depending on the materials you choose, the roof can last decades and save you money in the long run. The roofing market is full of choices to help you find the perfect roof.

Slate shingles are a classic for a reason: they are hard, durable, and fire resistant. They are beautiful as well. Because they are made of solid stone, they are also not affected by rot or insects. Their main drawback is that they are incredibly heavy; many houses simply do not have the structure to support a roof made of solid stone. They are well worth their weight, however, as they will last you a lifetime.

Clay roofing tile is a popular material in both Mediterranean-style and Spanish mission-style homes. It lasts for a very long time and is fire and pest resistant. The initial installation and subsequent maintenance, such as gutter repairs, can be difficult, however, as tile can be broken more easily than other roofing materials. Like slate shingles, clay roofing tiles are also very heavy, so not all homes are built to bear the load—you may need to build extra framing to support their weight. Clay tiles can come in a wide array of colors, which can reflect solar energy and keep your home cooler than darker materials.

Concrete tile can be made to simulate other styles of roofing material, whether tile, wood shake, or slate. They are a good way to simulate the look of wood shake shingles without dealing with the high-maintenance nature of wooden shingles, which are susceptible to rot, insect damage, and fire. Concrete tiles are incredibly versatile and can last a lifetime, and since they can be made from sustainable materials, they are also eco-friendly. Like slate and clay, concrete tiles can be heavy and will likely require additional framing.

Composite roof shingles are artificial shingles created to look like traditional materials, such as wood and slate, but designed to be more durable and lightweight. Often made from recycled rubber or polymer-based materials, composite shingles hold long warranties and boast Energy Star certification, making them a green choice for your home. The quality of composite shingles can vary widely, so be sure to do your research before deciding on a brand.

Metal roofing materials are incredibly eco-friendly: they are often made from recycled materials, and they reflect solar rays, keeping your home cool and your energy bills down. Metal roofing is incredibly durable, able to stand up to intense weather and unaffected by rot and insects. They come in panels and shingles, and you can construct a roof from a wide array of metals ranging from tin and aluminum to copper and steel.

Roofing can be costly and can change the look of your house. But with a willingness to try out new materials, you can enjoy the benefits of a high-quality, long-lasting roof that will keep your energy bills down and your curb appeal up.

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Sources: HGTV Remodels, The House Designers, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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