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Programmable thermostats. Programmable thermostats permit homeowners to set temperatures ahead of time. These thermostats can store unique settings for different times of the day. For instance, in the summer, when homes are not occupied, they do not need to be as cool. Thus, if no one is home during the day, thermostats can be set to automatically increase temperatures. This saves energy and money. Later in the day, thermostats can automatically lower temperatures, which will cool the home before homeowners return. Programmable thermostats can also be used during the colder months. However, on extremely cold winter days, some forced air heating units struggle to keep homes warm enough, and they are often running constantly. On these days, if thermostats automatically turn off in the middle of the day, the system may not have enough heating capacity to recover and heat the home by the evening. Therefore, on the coldest days of the year, consider maintaining a steady temperature throughout the day.

Insulation. Insulation helps maintain consistent temperatures, and poorly insulated homes waste both energy and money. Insulation lessens the amount of heat or air conditioning that is required to maintain ideal temperatures. Adding insulation to a poorly insulated home substantially reduces the home’s energy bills. In addition, adding weathstripping around doors and windows and hanging thicker curtains can further help deter heat loss in the colder months.