Good preparation is the key to a good paint job. Most reputable
painters will take care of preparation work before beginning the job.
This is something that needs to be discussed before signing any
contracts. Homeowners should clearly understand how much or how little
preparation work each contractor is intending to do.
Furniture. Remove all
furniture from the room that is about to be painted. If furniture
cannot be easily taken out, move it to the center of the room and cover
it with a drop cloth.
Surface. Paint should only
be applied to a clean, well-prepared surface. Any peeled or cracked
paint must be removed through either scraping or sanding. Simply
painting over peeled or cracked paint allows these unsightly problems
to quickly reemerge. All mold and mildew on the surface should also be
removed before applying new paint. Existing glossy paint should be
“dulled” or “deglossed” through sanding so that a good bond between the
old paint and the new paint is formed. Holes should be filled or
patched. The area should be cleaned using a strong cleaner, such as a
TSP, or trisodium phosphate, solution.
Primer. Primer provides a
base for new paint for the paint to adhere, and it makes the paint more
durable. Before painting, prime any uncoated surfaces, bare wood,
repaired areas, paneled walls, existing oil-based paint, or any areas
that are undergoing a significant change in color.
Fixtures. Before painting,
unscrew and remove all fixtures and outlet covers from the walls. This
will save time during the edging process.
Tape. Masking tape is
commonly used to keep paint off items that cannot be removed, such as
glass, built-in fixtures, door handles, and latches. An alternative to
masking tape is painter’s tape. It is frequently chosen because it has
lower tack than masking tape, making it easier to pull off. To keep
stray paint from seeping underneath the painter’s tape, painters may
try rapidly running a flat tool down the edges of the tape. This
friction causes heat and melts the tape’s glue. When the glue dries, it
will create a stronger barrier that is more difficult for paint to