All trees require the same elements to survive—sunlight, water, and soil—but very specific conditions are needed to grow ripe, delicious fruit. Planting without preparation can lead to a disappointing harvest, so it’s important to do your due diligence when planting fruit-bearing trees.

For starters, fruit trees need at least six to eight hours of sunlight each day, so finding a proper site for planting trees is crucial. Also, the right amount of moisture is needed to grow healthy fruit without saturating the tree’s roots. The soil composition and drainage needs to be just right. And, while it’s tempting to grow your favorite fruits, it’s more important to choose a tree that matches your climate. The trees that grow best in specific zones are listed in the following chart.

Zone Suggested Fruits
Temperate Apple, cherry, pear, plum, peach, various berries
Tropical Avocado, melon, guava, banana
Mediterranean and Subtropical Date, fig, citrus fruits

Whether you plant strawberries or oranges, knowing the basics will ensure that you have a bountiful and delicious harvest. Once you’ve selected your tree and planting location, you’ll need more in-depth instructions on how to plant, water, fertilize, and prune your new tree. Use a tree-planting guide to learn more about growing your own fruit.

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